Two interleukin 2 (IL-2)-independent feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) producer cell lines (FL-4 and FL-6) were produced by selecting cells from an IL-2-dependent culture of mixed peripheral blood lymphocytes infected with FIV. The new cell lines have been stable for over 1 year and spontaneously produce FIV with an average reverse transcriptase titer of 300,000 cpm/ml and an average sucrose gradient purified viral protein concentration of 1 mg/l. FIV produced from these cultures is highly infectious in vitro and in vivo. The FL-6 cell line was phenotyped as expressing the feline CD8 and Pan-T antigens, while the FL-4 cell line expressed the CD4, CD8, and Pan-T antigens. Both cell lines, however, express high levels of viral core and envelope proteins. Paraformaldehyde-inactivated whole virus and similarly inactivated whole-cell virus preparations induced a strong antibody response to core and envelope antigens in immunized cats. The establishment of FIV-producing feline IL-2-independent peripheral blood lymphocyte lines should be valuable for the development of FIV-diagnostic reagents and vaccines and also as a model for human acquired immunodeficiency syndrome vaccine development.