The results of 64 total pancreatectomies performed at the Mayo Clinic between 1942 and 1973 have been reviewed. Improvement in recent results as compared to the previously reported series is probably related to improvements in operative techniques and in selection of patients with more favorable malignant lesions. The recent results are more favorable than those reported for a group of comparable patients undergoing standard Whipple procedures for malignant lesions at this institution. Diabetes was easily managed in 76% of patients. Hypoglycemia due to insulin sensitivity is the major problem, and ketoacidosis seldom occurs. Recognition of this has resulted in better management of diabetes with relatively small doses of insulin. The sequels of long-standing diabetes do not appear to be a problem. Gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage has been greatly decreased through the use of more extensive gastric resection.