Objectives: This study was designed to determine the diagnostic value of adenosine cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in troponin-negative patients with chest pain.
Background: We hypothesized that adenosine CMR could determine which troponin-negative patients with chest pain in an emergency department have coronary artery disease (CAD) or future adverse cardiac events.
Methods: Adenosine stress CMR was performed on 135 patients who presented to the emergency department with chest pain and had acute myocardial infarction (MI) excluded by troponin-I. The main study outcome was detecting any evidence of significant CAD. Patients were contacted at one year to determine the incidence of significant CAD defined as coronary artery stenosis >50% on angiography, abnormal correlative stress test, new MI, or death.
Results: Adenosine perfusion abnormalities had 100% sensitivity and 93% specificity as the single most accurate component of the CMR examination. Both cardiac risk factors and CMR were significant in Kaplan-Meier analysis (log-rank test, p = 0.0006 and p < 0.0001, respectively). However, an abnormal CMR added significant prognostic value in predicting future diagnosis of CAD, MI, or death over clinical risk factors. In receiver operator curve analysis, adenosine CMR was a more accurate predictor than cardiac risk factors (p < 0.002).
Conclusions: In patients with chest pain who had MI excluded by troponin-I and non-diagnostic electrocardiograms, an adenosine CMR examination predicted with high sensitivity and specificity which patients had significant CAD during one-year follow-up. Furthermore, no patients with a normal adenosine CMR study had a subsequent diagnosis of CAD or an adverse outcome.