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, 259 (2), 712-8

Opioid Receptor Activity of GI 87084B, a Novel Ultra-Short Acting Analgesic, in Isolated Tissues

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  • PMID: 1658308

Opioid Receptor Activity of GI 87084B, a Novel Ultra-Short Acting Analgesic, in Isolated Tissues

M K James et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.

Abstract

GI 87084B (3-[4-methoxycarbonyl-4-[(1-oxopropyl) phenylamino]1-piperidine]propanoic acid, methyl ester, hydrochloride) was found to be a potent opioid agonist in the guinea pig ileum (EC50 = 2.4 +/- 0.6 nM), the rat vas deferens (EC50 = 387 +/- 44 nM) and the mouse vas deferens (EC50 = 39.5 +/- 7.4 nM). In the guinea pig ileum, GI 87084B, was roughly equivalent in potency to fentanyl (EC50 = 1.8 +/- 0.4 nM). GI 87084B was more potent in this tissue than alfentanil (EC50 = 20.1 +/- 1.2 nM) and less potent than sufentanil (EC50 = 0.3 +/- 0.09 nM). Schild analyses of antagonism of GI 87084B by naloxone yielded pKB values of 8.2 and slopes indistinguishable from unity in the guinea pig ileum and the mouse vas deferens. Insurmountable antagonism of GI 87084B by naloxone was observed in the rat vas deferens. However, an empirical measure of antagonist potency could be made: apparent pA2 = 8.1. The agonist dissociation constant (KA) for GI 87084B (220 +/- 90 nM) was determined by receptor alkylation with beta-chlornaltrexamine in the guinea pig ileum. Calculation of receptor occupancy suggested poor receptor-effector coupling and limited receptor reserve in the rat vas deferens, which could explain the insurmountable antagonism seen with higher concentrations of naloxone. These data suggest that GI 87084B acted through the mu class of opioid receptors to inhibit contraction induced by field stimulation in these tissues.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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