Co-detection of Bartonella henselae, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes pacificus ticks from California, USA

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. Spring 2006;6(1):99-102. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2006.6.99.

Abstract

Presence of Bartonella DNA was explored in 168 questing adult Ixodes pacificus ticks from Santa Cruz County, California. Bartonella henselae type I DNA was amplified from 11 ticks (6.55%); previously, two (1.19%) were found to be infected with Borrelia burgdorferi and five (2.98%) with Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Detection of B. henselae was not dependent on co-infection. The present study offers additional evidence that Ixodes spp. ticks may act as hosts and possibly vectors for B. henselae.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Anaplasma phagocytophilum / genetics
  • Anaplasma phagocytophilum / isolation & purification*
  • Animals
  • Arachnid Vectors / microbiology*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bartonella henselae / genetics
  • Bartonella henselae / isolation & purification*
  • Borrelia burgdorferi / genetics
  • Borrelia burgdorferi / isolation & purification*
  • California / epidemiology
  • Chaperonin 60 / genetics
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics
  • Ixodes / microbiology*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / veterinary
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / epidemiology
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / microbiology
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / transmission

Substances

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Chaperonin 60
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • FtsZ protein, Bacteria
  • GltA protein, Listeria monocytogenes