To evaluate multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) for taxonomic purposes in the delineation of species within Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, seven relevant loci of various strains for which extensive DNA-DNA reassociation data were available were sequenced. MLSA delineation proved to be fully concordant with conventional methods. Our analysis confirmed the delineation of a novel species, Borrelia spielmanii sp. nov., previously known as 'Borrelia spielmani' Richter et al. 2004, with strain PC-Eq17N5T (=DSM 16813T = CIP 108855T) as the type strain.