Bridging the gap between brain and behavior: cognitive and neural mechanisms of episodic memory

J Exp Anal Behav. 2005 Nov;84(3):619-29. doi: 10.1901/jeab.2005.80-04.


The notion that non-human animals are capable of episodic memory is highly controversial. Here, we review recent behavioral work from our laboratory showing that the fundamental features of episodic memory can be observed in rats and that, as in humans, this capacity relies on the hippocampus. We also discuss electrophysiological evidence, from our laboratory and that of others, pointing to associative and sequential coding in hippocampal cells as potential neural mechanisms underlying episodic memory.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Association Learning / physiology
  • Behavior, Animal / physiology*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Conditioning, Psychological / physiology
  • Discrimination Learning / physiology
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Potentiation / physiology
  • Mental Recall / physiology*
  • Motivation
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Rats
  • Retention, Psychology / physiology
  • Species Specificity