Factor structure and validity of the parenting stress index-short form

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2006 Jun;35(2):302-12. doi: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3502_14.


The psychometric properties of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) were examined in a sample of 185 mothers and fathers. Factor analysis revealed 2 reasonably distinct factors involving parental distress and dysfunctional parent-child interactions. Both scales were internally consistent, and these scales were correlated with measures of parent psychopathology, parental perceptions of child adjustment, and observed parent and child behavior. PSI-SF scores were related to parent reports of child behavior 1 year later, and the Childrearing Stress subscale was a significant predictor of a parental history of abuse.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / psychology
  • Child Abuse / statistics & numerical data
  • Child Behavior / psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Stress, Psychological / diagnosis
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*