The stereoselective binding and transformation of optically pure bicyclic alcohols by human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases from subfamily 2B were investigated. The enantiomers of 1-indanol, 1-tetralol, and 1-benzosuberol were synthesized by asymmetric Corey-Bakshi-Shibata reduction and subjected to glucuronidation assays. The alcohols studied were primarily glucuronidated by UGT2B7 and UGT2B17. The catalytic transformation by UGT2B17 was highly stereoselective, favoring conjugation of the (R)-enantiomers. UGT2B7, on the other hand, did not exhibit stereoselectivity toward 1-benzosuberol, the best substrate in this series. To assess binding affinities to the enzymes, the six different compounds were tested for their efficiency as inhibitors of either UGT2B7 or UGT2B17. The results of the latter analyses indicated that the affinities of both enantiomers of each pair towards UGT2B7 and UGT2B17 were of the same order of magnitude. Therefore, the findings of this study suggest that the spatial arrangement of the hydroxy group plays an important role in the glucuronic acid transfer reaction, but not necessarily in substrate binding to the UGTs.