Cloning and functional characterization of a second urea transporter from the kidney of the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 Sep;291(3):R844-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00739.2005. Epub 2006 Apr 13.


The cloning of cDNAs encoding facilitated urea transporters (UTs) from the kidneys of the elasmobranchs indicates that in these fish renal urea reabsorption occurs, at least in part, by passive processes. The previously described elasmobranch urea transporter clones from shark (shUT) and stingray (strUT-1) differ from each other primarily because of the COOH-terminus of the predicted strUT-1 translation product being extended by 51-amino acid residues compared with shUT. Previously, we noted multiple UT transcripts were present in stingray kidney. We hypothesized that a COOH terminally abbreviated UT isoform, homologous to shUT, would also be present in stingray kidney. Therefore, we used 5'/3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends to identify a 3'UTR-variant (strUT-1a) of the cDNA that encodes (strUT-1), as well as three, 3'UTR-variant cDNAs (strUT-2a,b,c) that encode a second phloretin-sensitive, urea transporter (strUT-2). The 5'UTR and the first 1,132 nucleotides of the predicted coding region of the strUT-2 cDNAs are identical to the strUT-1 cDNAs. The remainder of the coding region contains only five novel nucleotides. The strUT-2 cDNAs putatively encode a 379-amino acid protein, the first 377 amino acids identical to strUT-1 plus 2 additional amino acids. We conclude that 1) a second UT isoform is expressed in the Atlantic stingray and that this isoform is similar in size to the UT previously cloned from the kidney of the dogfish shark, and 2) at least five transcripts encoding the 2 stingray UTs are derived from a single gene product through alternative splicing and polyadenylation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Skates, Fish / genetics*
  • Skates, Fish / metabolism*
  • Urea Transporters


  • Membrane Transport Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY277794
  • GENBANK/AY277795