Several poly(N-vinylacetamide-co-acrylic acid)s with various copolymer compositions have been synthesized, and their unique phase-transition behavior in aqueous salt (Na2SO4 or NaCl) solutions was investigated. Copolymers containing more than 51 mol % N-vinylacetamide (NVA) show reentrant soluble-insoluble-soluble transitions with increasing temperature. The soluble-insoluble transition temperature (T(p1)) increased linearly with increasing NVA content, whereas the insoluble-soluble transition temperature (T(p2)) was almost constant irrespective of the NVA content. Potentiometric titration of the copolymer solutions suggested that the acrylic acid (AA) carboxyl groups form hydrogen bonds with the NVA amide groups even under soluble conditions. Dehydration of the NVA amides and their consequent hydrogen bonding with the AA carboxyl groups during the soluble-insoluble transition process was indicated by FTIR measurements. Addition of salt (Na2SO4 or NaCl) to the aqueous media reduces the solvent quality and enhances the intra- and interchain interactions of the copolymers. Thus, T(p1) was observed to decrease and T(p2) was observed to increase with increasing salt concentration. However, the addition of urea to the media reverses the concentration dependence of T(p1) and T(p2) by disturbing the intra- and interchain interactions of the copolymers.