Caffeine content of energy drinks, carbonated sodas, and other beverages

J Anal Toxicol. 2006 Mar;30(2):112-4. doi: 10.1093/jat/30.2.112.


The caffeine content of 10 energy drinks, 19 carbonated sodas, and 7 other beverages was determined. In addition, the variability of the caffeine content of Coca-Cola fountain soda was evaluated. Caffeine was isolated from the samples by liquid-liquid extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection. The caffeine concentration of the caffeinated energy drinks ranged from none detected to 141.1 mg/serving. The caffeine content of the carbonated sodas ranged from none detected to 48.2 mg/serving, and the content of the other beverages ranged from < 2.7 to 105.7 mg/serving. The intra-assay mean, standard deviation, and % coefficient of variation for the Coca-Cola fountain samples were 44.5, 2.95, and 6.64 mg/serving, respectively.

MeSH terms

  • Caffeine / analysis*
  • Carbonated Beverages / analysis*
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / analysis*
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Food Additives / analysis


  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Food Additives
  • Caffeine