Using arbitrary primed-PCR (AP-PCR), we have identified a novel genetic alteration located at chromosome 11q23.2 and this genetic alteration was common in 38% of the human Wilms tumour samples analysed. Further characterisation by cloning and sequencing of this genomic region revealed that it represents a part of an uncharacterised gene. We have named this gene as Sporadic Kidney Cancer Gene-1 (SKCG-1). Using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) approach, we established its localisation on the chromosome 11q23.2. Northern analysis revealed the transcript size of SKCG-1 of 2.09 kb and this was further confirmed by full-length cDNA sequence. Sequence analysis revealed an active translation start site (ATG sequence), a polyadenylation signal sequence (AATAAA), and an open reading frame (ORF) encoding a peptide of 124 amino acids in the cDNA sequence of SKCG-1. Analysis of genomic sequence of SKCG-1 revealed a promoter region containing TATA box located at -13 bp upstream of transcription start site. The AP-PCR, SCAR, and Southern blot analyses indicated genomic loss of SKCG-1 in Wilms tumours. The transcript of SKCG-1 was abundantly present in brain, kidney, liver, testis, salivary gland, foetal brain, foetal liver, whereas relatively lower expression in heart, stomach, prostate and no expression in spleen, colon, lung, small intestine, muscle, adrenal gland, uterus, skin, PBL, and bone marrow was detected. The expression of this gene transcript was either very less or undetectable in Wilms and breast tumours compared to their matched uninvolved tissues. Inhibition of SKCG-1 by siRNA resulted in increased cell proliferation of kidney epithelial cells. Based on the presence of two transmembrane regions in its peptide, SKCG-1 has been predicted as a transmembrane protein. Thus, the findings of this study revealed (i) SKCG-1, a new gene located at 11q23.2 and harbouring genetic alteration in Wilms tumours, (ii) the presence of SKCG-1 gene transcripts in various human normal tissues and its lower expression or absence in Wilms and breast tumours indicate that it may be associated with tumour growth suppressor activity, (iii) the presence of an open reading frame in the cDNA sequence of SKCG-1 indicates that it has potential to encode a protein, (iv) increased cell growth by silencing this gene in HEK293 cells further supports a potential role of this gene in growth of kidney epithelial cells. Our findings suggest that SKCG-1 may have a tumour suppressor role, and implicate genetic alteration in this gene as a potential oncogenic pathway and therapeutic target in kidney and breast cancer.