A geriatrician's guide to the use of the physical modalities in the treatment of pain and dysfunction

Clin Geriatr Med. 2006 May;22(2):331-54; ix. doi: 10.1016/j.cger.2005.12.005.


The use of the physical modalities in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions has a long and rich history. This article explores the various physical modalities and their indications, precautions, and contraindications, especially in their applied use in pain management. It also highlights the role of the physical modalities as agents for the management of pain in the geriatric population.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analgesics / therapeutic use
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Disabled Persons / rehabilitation*
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic*
  • Hot Temperature / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Hydrotherapy / methods
  • Male
  • Pain / rehabilitation*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Physical Therapy Modalities*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation / methods
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonic Therapy / methods


  • Analgesics