Gait analysis plays an important role in the assessment of neurological function in many disease models. In this review, we focus on the newly developed CatWalk system for gait analysis. CatWalk was originally developed as a tool to enhance assessment of functional outcome in spinal cord injury (SCI) models. Although it is also of value in models of among others (neuropathic) pain and peripheral nerve damage, we will limit ourselves to its use in SCI models in this review. The system is positioned against well-established locomotor function tests, and it is indicated how CatWalk can enhance the usefulness of such tests. Development of the system started with the idea that it should enable objective assessment of coordination, and powerful measures of coordination are nowadays included in the analysis options provided by CatWalk. Therefore, a major part of this review is devoted to the history and meaning of these coordination measures.