ISAba1 was found in all widespread clones of Acinetobacter baumannii in the United Kingdom. All isolates studied had a blaOXA-51-like carbapenemase gene; some also had blaOXA-23-like and/or blaOXA-58-like. Among isolates with blaOXA-51-like as sole carbapenemase gene, only those with ISAba1 adjacent to blaOXA-51-like were carbapenem resistant. Minor differences in blaOXA-51-like sequence were observed in resistant and susceptible isolates. Isolates with blaOXA-23-like in addition were consistently resistant to carbapenems; in all of these ISAba1 lay upstream of blaOXA-23-like, but was not associated with blaOXA-51-like. These results suggest that ISAba1 is providing the promoter for blaOXA-51-like and, probably, for blaOXA-23-like.