Objectives: We explored the yield of saturation biopsy and developed a nomogram predicting the probability of prostate cancer (PCa) on the basis of saturation biopsy.
Materials and methods: Between 2001 and 2004, saturation biopsies (average of 24 cores) were performed in 161 men with persistently elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA) level (median, 9 ng/ml). All had at least two previously negative, eight-core biopsy sessions. PCa predictors on saturation biopsy were integrated within multivariate nomograms.
Results: PCa detection was 41% (n=66 of 161). PSA density and transition zone volume were the most significant predictors of PCa on saturation biopsy. The accuracy of the nomogram with the best performance characteristics was 72%.
Conclusions: Saturation biopsy may be indicated in men with a persistent suspicion of PCa. High-risk individuals can be identified accurately with our nomogram.