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. 2006 Jun 2;359(2):276-88.
doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.02.072. Epub 2006 Mar 15.

Structural and Functional Studies of the Response Regulator HupR


Structural and Functional Studies of the Response Regulator HupR

Karen M Davies et al. J Mol Biol. .


HupR is a response regulator that controls the synthesis of the membrane-bound [NiFe]hydrogenase of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus. The protein belongs to the NtrC subfamily of response regulators and is the second protein of a two-component system. We have crystallized the full-length protein HupR in the unphosphorylated state in two dimensions using the lipid monolayer technique. The 3D structure of negatively stained HupR was calculated to a resolution of approximately 23 A from tilted electron microscope images. HupR crystallizes as a dimer, and forms an elongated V-shaped structure with extended arms. The dimensions of the dimer are about 80 A length, 40 A width and 85 A thick. The HupR monomer consists of three domains, N-terminal receiver domain, central domain and C-terminal DNA-binding domain. We have fitted the known 3D structure of the central domain from NtrC1 Aquifex aeolicus protein into our 3D model; we propose that contact between the dimers is through the central domain. The N-terminal domain is in contact with the lipid monolayer and is situated on the top of the V-shaped structure. The central domain alone has been expressed and purified; it forms a pentamer in solution and lacks ATPase activity.

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