Influence of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) flavone on dermal wound healing in rats

Mol Cell Biochem. 2006 Oct;290(1-2):193-8. doi: 10.1007/s11010-006-9187-6. Epub 2006 Apr 22.


The present investigation was undertaken to determine the efficacy of topical administration of flavone of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) on cutaneous wound healing in rats. Four full-thickness excision wounds were created on the back of rat and 1.0% w/v flavone prepared in propylene glycol was applied topically. Control animals received the vehicle alone in an identical manner. The healing of the wound was assessed by the rate of wound contraction, period of epithelialization, hydroxyproline, hexosamine, antioxidants estimation and histopathology of the granulation tissue. The sea buckthorn flavone promoted the wound healing activity as indicated by improved rate of wound contraction, decreased time taken for epithelialization (16.3 days versus 24.8 days in controls) and significant increase in hydroxyproline (26.0%) and hexosamine (30.0%) content. These findings were also confirmed by histopathological examinations. In addition, it was observed that sea buckthorn flavone possesses potent antioxidant properties as evidenced by significant increase in reduced glutathione (55.0%), vitamin C (70.0%) and catalase (20.0%) activities in wound granulation tissue. The flavone treatment also resulted in significant decrease in lipid peroxide levels (39.0%). The results suggest that the sea buckthorn flavone promotes wound healing activity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Dermis / pathology*
  • Flavones / pharmacology*
  • Flavonoids / analysis
  • Granulation Tissue / chemistry
  • Granulation Tissue / ultrastructure
  • Hexosamines / analysis
  • Hippophae / chemistry*
  • Hydroxyproline / analysis
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Polyphenols
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Skin
  • Wound Healing / drug effects*
  • Wound Healing / physiology


  • Antioxidants
  • Flavones
  • Flavonoids
  • Hexosamines
  • Phenols
  • Polyphenols
  • Hydroxyproline