Apolipoprotein B gene variants are involved in the determination of blood glucose and lipid levels in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

Cell Biochem Funct. May-Jun 2006;24(3):261-7. doi: 10.1002/cbf.1218.


We have examined the frequency of the EcoRI, XbaI and MspI RFLPs of the apolipoprotein B (apo B) gene in 110 type 2 diabetic patients and 91 healthy control subjects in order to ascertain whether variation in this gene may influence the development of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes). Serum lipids including total-cholesterol (T-Chol), triacylglycerol (TAG), apolipoprotein E (apo E), apolipoprotein AI (apo AI), apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) were analysed. Genomic DNA was extracted and the apo B polymorphic regions amplified by the polymerase chain reaction. Regions carrying EcoRI, XbaI, and MspI restriction sites present in the apo B gene were amplified and digested separately by the respective enzymes. No significant difference for genotypic frequencies was observed for the EcoRI, XbaI and MspI restriction sites in type 2 diabetic patients as compared to controls. Type 2 diabetic patients and controls with EcoRI +/+ and XbaI +/+ genotypes had higher apo E levels. The MspI +/+ genotype is more frequent in the patient and control groups with elevated T-Chol. Furthermore, the EcoRI -/-, XbaI -/-, and MspI +/+ genotypes were found to be significantly more frequent in type 2 diabetic patients with higher blood glucose levels. This study identifies the apo B gene polymorphisms in modulating plasma lipid/lipoprotein and glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apolipoprotein A-I / blood
  • Apolipoproteins B / blood
  • Apolipoproteins B / genetics*
  • Apolipoproteins E / blood
  • Blood Glucose / genetics*
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • DNA / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Reference Values
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Apolipoproteins B
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Blood Glucose
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides
  • DNA