Mu and delta opiate receptors in neuronal and astroglial primary cultures from various regions of the brain--coupling with adenylate cyclase, localisation on the same neurones and association with dopamine (D1) receptor adenylate cyclase

Neuropharmacology. 1991 Nov;30(11):1233-9. doi: 10.1016/0028-3908(91)90170-g.


Primary cultures, enriched in neurones or astroglial cells, from three phylogenetically different regions of the brain of the rat, the cerebral cortex, the striatum and the brain stem, were used to investigate the presence of opiate receptors, coupled to adenylate cyclase. Morphine was used as a mu-receptor agonist and [D-Ala2, D-Leu5]-enkephalin (DADLE) was used as a delta-receptor agonist. In the neuronal cultures, both ligands inhibited the prostaglandin (PG)E1-stimulated intracellular accumulation of cyclic AMP dose-dependently, with the most prominent effects seen in the cultures of striatum and with DADLE being more potent than morphine. The opiate receptor antagonist, naloxone reversed the effects. Morphine and DADLE, added together, inhibited the PGE1-stimulated accumulation of cyclic AMP, less than the sum of the effects of each drug. Therefore, it might be that these opioid receptors are localized together on the same neurone. Striatal neurones contained dopamine receptors coupled to cyclic AMP, as second messenger. It was shown that the D1 (dopamine) receptor-stimulated activity of adenylate cyclase was inhibited by the mu and delta opioid receptor ligands. Thus, interactions at the level of adenylate cyclase seem to exist between D1, mu and delta opiate receptors. In the astroglial enriched cultures, DADLE inhibited the PGE1-induced accumulation of cyclic AMP, however, with a less prominent effect in the brain stem cultures.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism*
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Corpus Striatum / enzymology
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Neuroglia / metabolism*
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Dopamine / metabolism
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1
  • Receptors, Opioid / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Opioid, delta
  • Receptors, Opioid, mu


  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1
  • Receptors, Opioid
  • Receptors, Opioid, delta
  • Receptors, Opioid, mu
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Adenylyl Cyclases