The air bronchogram in interstitial disease of the lungs. A radiological-pathological correlation

Radiology. 1975 Jul;116(1):1-9. doi: 10.1148/116.1.1.


The air bronchogram classically signals an end-air-space or "alveolar" filling process such as alveolar proteinosis and bronchioloalveolar-cell carcinoma. However, it can also occur in interstitial diseases, possibly leading to compressive atelectasis and causing crowding of tissue around open airways. In addition, such disease processes may encroach on distal airways, producing obstructive pneumonia which may then surround open proximal airways, as in sarcoidosis and lymphoma. In mixed "alveolar" and interstitial processes such as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and the late stages of hemosiderosis, "alveolar" filling may mask the interstitial disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar / diagnostic imaging
  • Bronchography* / methods
  • Connective Tissue / diagnostic imaging
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lymphoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / diagnostic imaging
  • Sarcoidosis / diagnostic imaging