Familial expansile osteolysis: a morphological, histomorphometric and serological study

Bone. 1991;12(5):331-8. doi: 10.1016/8756-3282(91)90019-f.


Biopsies from the diseased bones of patients with familial expansile osteolysis (FEO) were examined by light and electron microscopy. Focal concentrations of multinuclear osteoclasts were present, and these contained viral-like microcylindrical inclusions which appeared exclusive to their nuclei. No consistent relationship was found between osteoclast size and the number of osteoclast nuclei containing microcylindrical inclusions. Quantitative histomorphometry showed evidence of increased bone remodelling with high bone cell densities and a decrease of the reversal period in bone remodelling. The lesions contained prominent woven bone and fibrovascular tissue, together with mononuclear cells and adipocytes. Little bone was found in the most radiolucent lesions, which were almost totally occupied by adipocytes and fibrovascular tissue. Serology did not reveal any significant differences between the viral antibody titres of patients and their age- and sex-matched controls. The present study suggests that intranuclear viral-like microcylindrical inclusions of osteoclasts are not a specific feature of Paget's disease, and are found in other disorders of osteoclast function, including pycnodysostosis, osteopetrosis, giant cell tumours, and familial expansile osteolysis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Diseases / blood
  • Bone Diseases / genetics*
  • Bone Diseases / pathology
  • Cell Nucleus / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inclusion Bodies / pathology
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoclasts / ultrastructure
  • Osteolysis / blood
  • Osteolysis / genetics*
  • Osteolysis / pathology