Objective: To evaluate the functional abilities and the level of ambulation during pamidronate therapy in children with moderate to severe osteogenesis imperfecta.
Study design: Functional abilities, ambulation, and grip force were assessed in 59 patients (mean age, 6.1 years; range, 0.5-15.7 years; 30 girls) during 3 years of pamidronate treatment. Functional skills (mobility and self-care) were both assessed by using the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory. Ambulation level was assessed by using the modified Bleck score. For 48 patients, results after 3 years of pamidronate treatment could be matched to those of patients with similar age and disease severity who had not received pamidronate.
Results: Mobility and self-care scores increased during the study period (+43% and +30%, respectively). The average ambulation score changed from 0.8 to 1.9. Maximal isometric grip force increased by 63%. Mobility and ambulation scores and grip force measures were significantly higher than in patients who had not received pamidronate. The difference in self-care scores did not reach significance.
Conclusion: This study suggests that cyclical pamidronate treatment improves mobility, ambulation level, and muscle force in children with moderate to severe osteogenesis imperfecta.