Decision making in children with ADHD only, ADHD-anxious/depressed, and control children using a child version of the Iowa Gambling Task

J Atten Disord. 2006 May;9(4):607-19. doi: 10.1177/1087054705284501.

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this study is to investigate decision making in children with ADHD using a child version of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). The effect of internalizing symptoms is also of interest.

Method: Twenty-one children with ADHD (high anxiety/depression and no anxiety/depression) are compared to an age- and sex-matched control group on the gambling task. Children in the ADHD-alone group demonstrate impaired performance on the IGT. In contrast, children in the control group and the ADHD-anxiety/depression group learn to choose more from the advantageous decks over time.

Results: These findings of impaired decision making in children with ADHD parallel findings of real-life decision-making problems in this population.

Conclusion: Furthermore, the findings suggest that having a high number of internalizing symptoms leads to better performance for children with ADHD on this variant of the IGT.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / complications
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*
  • Child
  • Decision Making*
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Gambling*
  • Humans
  • Iowa
  • Male
  • Mood Disorders / psychology
  • Socioeconomic Factors