Benign abdominal and pulmonary metastasizing leiomyoma of the uterus

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2006 Aug;274(5):319-22. doi: 10.1007/s00404-006-0165-8. Epub 2006 Apr 29.


Background: Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare disease in which the lung is described to be the most afflicted extrauterine organ.

Methods: We report of a 42-year-old African woman with a BML in the abdomen and lung who had undergone a hysterectomy for uterine leiomyoma 10 years ago. She was admitted to our hospital for investigation of a huge tumor mass in the pelvis consisting of multiple nodules in the abdomen and left lung. Assuming an advanced intraperitoneal malignancy was present, a 'palliative' limited tumor debulking and due to a tumor compressing the sigmoid a Hartmann's procedure was performed.

Results: The histopathologic examination showed a leiomyoma positive for estrogen receptor. Treatment was started with GnRH analoga. In the presence of a stable disease after 12 months, the patient underwent a re-laparotomy with a reanastomosis of the colon. Treatment was continued with GnRH analoga and the residual nodules have not increased in size during 36 months of follow-up.

Conclusions: The review of the literature supports the concept that the primary tumor of BML is located in the uterus and that leiomyomas in the uterus can metastasize leading via hematogenous spread to BML. However, the origin of the tumor remains controversial.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen*
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy
  • Leiomyoma / pathology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary*
  • Radiography
  • Uterine Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / surgery
  • Uterine Neoplasms / therapy
  • Uterus / pathology
  • Uterus / surgery