The purpose of our present study is to identify a tumor-specific antigen capable of inducing a specific cellular immune response in lung cancer patients. We established a lung adenocarcinoma cell line, designated as F1121L, and induced tumor-specific CTL clone H1 from regional lymph node lymphocytes of patient F1121. CTL clone H1 lysed autologous tumor cells in an HLA-B*1507-restricted manner, but not autologous EBV-B, phytohemagglutinin-blast cells, and K562. The CTL clone also recognized allogeneic HLA-B*1501- or 1507-positive lung cancer cell lines in the HLA-restricted manner. Using the CTL clone, we identified an antigen-coding gene by cDNA expression cloning technique. The gene consisted of 556 bp, including an open reading frame consisted of 113 amino acids, designated as Kita-kyushu lung cancer antigen 1 (KK-LC-1). A 9-mer peptide (KK-LC-1(76-84); RQKRILVNL) was identified as an epitope peptide. The genomic DNA of this antigen was located in chromosome Xq22. A reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed that the mRNA of this gene was only expressed in the testis among normal tissues. It was expressed in 9 of 18 (50%) allogeneic non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines and in 40 of 100 (40%) non-small-cell lung cancer tissues. We thus identified a new tumor antigen-coding gene categorized as a cancer/germline gene by an autologous lung cancer and CTL system. The new cancer/germline gene was located in Xq22, which is apparently different from the locations of previously reported cancer/germline genes.