Polyomavirus enhancer activator 3 (PEA3) is a member of the Ets family of transcription factors. We demonstrated in a previous study that, by downregulating the HER-2/neu oncogene at the transcriptional level, PEA3 can inhibit the growth and development into tumors of HER-2/neu-overexpressing ovarian cancer cells. Here, we establish stable clones of the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-361DYT2 that express PEA3 under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter. Ectopic expression of PEA3 in this cell line inhibited cell growth and resulted in cell cycle accumulation in the G1 phase. We demonstrate that expression of PEA3 in an orthotopic breast cancer model inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing mice. In a parallel experiment with another breast cancer cell line, BT474M1, we were unable to obtain stable PEA3-inducible transfectants, suggesting that PEA3 may exert a strong growth inhibition effect in this cell line. Indeed, PEA3 coupled with the liposome SN2 demonstrated therapeutic effects in mice bearing tumors induced by BT474M1. These results provide evidence for the antitumor activity of PEA3 in human breast cancers.