Fructokinase has been purified from developing potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers by a combination of hydrophobic interaction, affinity chromatography, and gel filtration. The protein has a native molecular mass of approximately 70 kD but is apparently a dimer. Ion-exchange chromatography and two-dimensional western blots resolved three major fructokinases, designated FK-I, FK-II, and FK-III in order of their elution from a Mono-Q column. Fructokinase activity proved labile when proteins were purified in the absence of fructose. Kinetically, FKs I, II, and III all have broad pH optima with peaks at about pH 8.5. The enzymes have a high specificity for fructose (K(m) values ranging from 0.041 to 0.128 mm), and can utilize a range of nucleoside triphosphates. Unlike FKs I and II, FK-III is not inhibited by fructose concentrations in excess of 1 mm. MgADP inhibited activity of the three FKs (between 68 and 75% inhibition at 1.0 mm), whereas fructose 6-P caused inhibition at concentrations of 10 mm. There were no regulatory effects observed with a range of other metabolites. K(+) (10 mm) activated FK-I by 4-fold and FKs II and III by only about 50%.