Sugars and Organic Acids of Vitis vinifera

Plant Physiol. 1966 Jun;41(6):923-31. doi: 10.1104/pp.41.6.923.

Abstract

Glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, maltose, melibiose, raffinose, and stachyose were identified in the leaves, bark, roots, and berries of Vitis vinifera L. var. Thompson Seedless. In addition to these sugars, verbascose and manninotriose were found in the leaves and bark.Malic, tartaric, citric, isocitric, ascorbic, cis-aconitic, oxalic, glycolic, glyoxylic, succinic, lactic, glutaric, fumaric, pyrrolidone carboxylic, alpha-ketoglutaric, pyruvic, oxaloacetic, galacturonic, glucuronic, shikimic, quinic, chlorogenic, and caffeic acids were identified in the leaves, bark, roots, and berries.Glucose, fructose, sucrose, malate, tartrate, and citrate were determined quantitatively in the leaf, petiole, xylem, bark, tendril, bud, puduncle pedicel, berry, lateral roots, and main roots at 4 separate physiological stages of growth. In addition, changes in the concentrations of fructose, glucose, malate, and tartrate in leaves were measured during a 36-day period starting from budburst.