Two methods were developed for the assay of substances stimulatory to the nodulation of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) roots growing from segments of hypocotyl tissue. Coconut water was the chief source of active material, but extracts of cotyledons, hypocotyls and leaves of beans and of horse chestnut fruits were also stimulatory. High concentrations of nitrate improved nodulation both in the presence and absence of coconut water. The ash of coconut water was inactive. Whole alfalfa seedlings formed nodules in the dark when grown in the split medium, but nodulation was not improved by the addition of coconut water.