Protoplasts obtained from sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) cell suspensions were found to be highly intact. If the protoplasts were taken up and expelled through a fine nylon mesh, all the protoplasts were ruptured leaving the fragile amyloplasts largely intact. Aconitase hydratase (citrate [isocitrate] hydro-lyase, EC 188.8.131.52) activity of sycamore cells was associated with two protein fractions, one present in the cytosol while the second is of mitochondrial origin. Chromatography on DEAE-trisacryl did not separate the aconitase hydratase isoenzymes. EPR studies established that both isoenzymes exhibited an EPR signal at g = 2.03 once oxidized.