Differential inhibition and activation of two leaf dihydroxyacetone phosphate reductases : role of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate

Plant Physiol. 1988 Jun;87(2):379-83. doi: 10.1104/pp.87.2.379.

Abstract

The chloroplastic and cytosolic forms of spinach (Spinacia oleracea cv Long Standing Bloomsdale) leaf NADH:dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) reductase were separated and partially purified. The chloroplastic form was stimulated by dithiothreitol, reduced thioredoxin, dihydrolipoic acid, 6-phosphogluconate, and phosphate; the cytosolic isozyme was stimulated by fructose 2,6-bisphosphate but not by reduced thioredoxin. End product components that severely inhibited both forms of the reductase included lipids and free fatty acids, membranes, and glycerol phosphate. In addition, two groups of inhibitory peptides were obtained from the fraction precipitated by 70 to 90% saturation with (NH(4))(2)SO(4). Chromatography of this fraction on Sephadex G-50 revealed a peptide peak of about 5 kilodaltons which inhibited the chloroplastic DHAP reductase and a second peak containing peptides of about 2 kilodaltons which inhibited the cytosolic form of the enzyme. Regulation of the reduction of dihydroxyacetone phosphate from the C(3) photosynthetic carbon cycle or from glycolysis is a complex process involving activators such as thioredoxin or fructose 2,6-bisphosphate, peptide and lipid inhibitors, and intermediary metabolites. It is possible that fructose 2,6-bisphosphate increases lipid production by stimulating DHAP reductase for glycerol phosphate production as well as inhibiting fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase to stimulate glycolysis.