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. 2006 May 15;176(10):6065-75.
doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.176.10.6065.

Induction of Primary Human T Cell Responses Against Hepatitis C Virus-Derived Antigens NS3 or Core by Autologous Dendritic Cells Expressing Hepatitis C Virus Antigens: Potential for Vaccine and Immunotherapy

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Induction of Primary Human T Cell Responses Against Hepatitis C Virus-Derived Antigens NS3 or Core by Autologous Dendritic Cells Expressing Hepatitis C Virus Antigens: Potential for Vaccine and Immunotherapy

Wen Li et al. J Immunol. .
Free article

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific T cell responses have been suggested to play significant role in viral clearance. Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional APCs that play a major role in priming, initiating, and sustaining strong T cell responses against pathogen-derived Ags. DCs also have inherent capabilities of priming naive T cells against given Ags. Recombinant adenoviral vectors containing HCV-derived Core and NS3 genes were used to endogenously express HCV Core and NS3 proteins in human DCs. These HCV Ags expressing DCs were used to prime and stimulate autologous T cells obtained from uninfected healthy donors. The DCs expressing HCV Core or NS3 Ags were able to stimulate T cells to produce various cytokines and proliferate in HCV Ag-dependent manner. Evidence of both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses against HCV Core and NS3 generated in vitro were obtained by flow cytometry and Ab blocking experiments. Further, in secondary assays, the T cells primed in vitro exhibited HCV Ag-specific proliferative responses against recombinant protein Ags and also against immunodominant permissive peptide epitopes from HCV Ags. In summary, we demonstrate that the dendritic cells expressing HCV Ags are able to prime the Ag-specific T cells from uninfected healthy individuals in vitro. These studies have implications in designing cellular vaccines, T cell adoptive transfer therapy or vaccine candidates for HCV infection in both prophylactic and therapeutic settings.

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