Preventing peritoneal implantation of ovarian carcinoma cells could prolong patient remission and survival. CA125 is expressed on most ovarian cancer cells and was reported to be a ligand of mesothelin, a peritoneal protein. We developed a cell adhesion assay with CA125-expresser ovarian cancer cells and human mesothelin-transfected cells and we confirmed that CA125 and mesothelin mediate cell attachment. We also showed that this assay supplies a high-throughput screening system for reagents able to block CA125/mesothelin-dependent cell attachment with a sensitive quantitative readout. We finally demonstrated that a mesothelin chimeric protein and anti-CA125 antibodies block CA125/mesothelin-dependent cell attachment.