Viral components of the human endogenous retroviruses type K (HERV-K) have been largely detected in plasma from HIV-1 infected individuals. A Sybr Green Real-Time RT-PCR approach was optimized for detection and quantitation of HERV-K RNA titers in plasma samples using the iCycler technology. The method detected 1000 HERV-K RNA copies/mL of plasma sample. The Intra- and Inter-assay performance revealed a coefficient of variations that ranged from 0.2 to 2.46%, demonstrating accuracy and reproducibility. We quantified the HERV-K RNA load in 20 HIV-1 patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We found increased HERV-K RNA titers in patients with non-suppressive HAART (patients who may develop drug-resistance and/or received suboptimal therapeutic doses), compared to suppressive regimens (p < 0.001). HERV-K RNA was not detected in HCV-1 positive or seronegative controls. Sequencing of Real-Time RT-PCR products revealed particular HERV-K subtypes activated in the HIV-1 infection. The application of this assay could expand the understanding of the role of HERV-K in the HIV-1 infection and others pathological conditions.