A family with osteoporosis pseudoglioma syndrome due to compound heterozygosity of two novel mutations in the LRP5 gene

Bone. 2006 Sep;39(3):470-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2006.02.069. Epub 2006 May 6.


Osteoporosis pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG) is an autosomal recessive disorder due to mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene. Here, we report two novel missense mutations found in a southern Chinese family of a non-consanguineous marriage. Three out of four children had blindness, low bone mineral density (BMD) and multiple fractures in their childhood. Genotyping by DNA sequencing demonstrated 2 new mutations in exon 7 of the LRP5 gene. Tryptophans at amino acid residue positions 478 and 504 were replaced by arginine (W478R) and cysteine (W504C), respectively. While the parents that possessed either heterozygous W478R or W504C were apparently normal, all affected subjects were compound heterozygotes for the W478R and W504C mutations in the LRP5 gene. W478R is located immediately C-terminal to the third YWTD repeat of the second YWTD/EGF domain in LRP5, while W504C is located between the third and the fourth YWTD repeats of the second YWTD/EGF domain in LRP5. Using LRP5-related proteins, such as the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and nidogen as reference models, a homology model of LRP5 suggested that the observed mutations may affect the molecular interactions of LRP5 and so lead to the observed OPPG phenotypes.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Base Sequence
  • Child
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / chemistry
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism
  • Exons / genetics
  • Female
  • Glioma / complications*
  • Glioma / genetics*
  • Glioma / metabolism
  • Glioma / pathology
  • Heterozygote*
  • Humans
  • Introns / genetics
  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins / chemistry
  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins / genetics*
  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins / metabolism
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Osteoporosis / complications*
  • Osteoporosis / genetics*
  • Osteoporosis / metabolism
  • Osteoporosis / pathology
  • Pedigree
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics
  • Protein Structure, Quaternary
  • Syndrome


  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins
  • LRP5 protein, human
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5
  • Epidermal Growth Factor