Rapid sequence induction: a survey of practices in three French prehospital mobile emergency units

Eur J Emerg Med. 2006 Jun;13(3):148-55. doi: 10.1097/01.mej.0000209052.85881.e2.


Objectives: This prospective study was conducted in three mobile emergency and intensive care units.

Methods: The patients were over 15 years of age and were not in cardiac arrest. The study was to compare practices in the three units with the guidelines drawn up by the Commission of Experts so as to define the main parameters for quality assurance. All of the patients involved were considered to have full stomachs and required rapid sequence induction.

Results: This procedure comply the guidelines only in 45% of cases; in the other cases succinylcholine should have been administered (mobile emergency and intensive care unit A) and the Sellick manoeuvre should have been used (mobile emergency and intensive care unit A and B). Notwithstanding, these two centres treated more traumatized patients than mobile emergency and intensive care unit C, and use of the Sellick manoeuvre in such circumstances is questionable.

Conclusions: More training and greater diffusion of the protocols are required, especially with regard to doctors who intervene intermittently.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ambulances / standards*
  • Critical Care / standards*
  • Data Collection
  • Emergency Medicine / standards*
  • Female
  • France
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives / therapeutic use*
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuromuscular Depolarizing Agents / therapeutic use
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Succinylcholine / therapeutic use
  • Time Factors
  • Wounds and Injuries / therapy*


  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Neuromuscular Depolarizing Agents
  • Succinylcholine