Pretreatment with adult progenitor cells improves recovery and decreases native myocardial proinflammatory signaling after ischemia

Shock. 2006 May;25(5):454-9. doi: 10.1097/01.shk.0000209536.68682.90.


Cardiogenic shock from myocardial ischemia is the leading cause of death of both men and women. Although adult progenitor cells have emerged as a potential therapy for heart disease, reports indicate that transplanted adult progenitor cells may not differentiate into heart muscle. We hypothesized that pretreatment with adult progenitor cells may protect myocardium from acute ischemic damage. Treatment immediately before an ischemic event removes the possibility that differentiation to heart muscle may account for the observed effects. In the present study, we determined that adult progenitor cells from three different sources (human bone marrow, rat bone marrow, and human adipose tissue) immediately protect native myocardium against ischemia and decrease myocardial proinflammatory and proapoptotic signaling. Postischemic recovery of adult progenitor cell-pretreated hearts was significantly better than that of control hearts. This was correlated with a 50% decrease in proinflammatory cytokine production. The use of a differentiated cell control had no such effect. Therefore, adult progenitor cell pretreatment improved postischemic myocardial function, decreased myocardial production of inflammatory mediators, and limited proapoptotic signaling. These results represent the first demonstration that pretreatment with progenitor cells is myocardial protective. These findings may not only have mechanistic implications regarding the benefit of progenitor cells but may also have clinical therapeutic implications before planned ischemic events.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-1 / biosynthesis
  • Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis
  • Ischemia / pathology*
  • Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial / methods*
  • Male
  • Myocardial Ischemia / pathology*
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis


  • Interleukin-1
  • Interleukin-6
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha