Posttranscriptional mechanisms regulating the inflammatory response

Adv Immunol. 2006;89:1-37. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2776(05)89001-7.


The inflammatory response is a complex physiologic process that requires the coordinate induction of cytokines, chemokines, angiogenic factors, effector-enzymes, and proteases. Although transcriptional activation is required to turn on the inflammatory response, recent studies have revealed that posttranscriptional mechanisms play an important role by determining the rate at which mRNAs encoding inflammatory effector proteins are translated and degraded. Most posttranscriptional control mechanisms function to dampen the expression of pro-inflammatory proteins to ensure that potentially injurious proteins are not overexpressed during an inflammatory response. Here we discuss the factors that regulate the stability and translation of mRNAs encoding pro-inflammatory proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / biosynthesis
  • Immunologic Factors / genetics*
  • Immunologic Factors / metabolism*
  • Immunologic Factors / physiology
  • Inflammation / genetics*
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Inflammation / metabolism*
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Protein Biosynthesis / genetics*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational / genetics
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational / immunology*
  • RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional / genetics
  • RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional / immunology*


  • Immunologic Factors