The clinical utility of leptin therapy in metabolic dysfunction

Minerva Endocrinol. 2006 Jun;31(2):125-31.

Abstract

Obesity and diabetes are major public health threats worldwide. Insulin resistance appears to be a significant factor in this global epidemic. In this present review, we have focused on a human model of insulin resistance which embodies many of the metabolic abnormalities that are associated with the morbidity of diabetes and obesity. Lipodystrophy in rodents and humans is a severe model of insulin resistance, and we use a novel therapeutic approach with the administration of the newly discovered leptin to ameliorate many of these metabolic abnormalities. The ability to study the administration of leptin in this setting of severe insulin resistance allows us perform a coveted look into a human condition where metabolic dysfunction can be reversed or controlled.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adiponectin / therapeutic use
  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance / genetics
  • Leptin / deficiency
  • Leptin / therapeutic use*
  • Lipodystrophy / drug therapy*
  • Lipodystrophy / metabolism
  • Obesity / drug therapy
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Adiponectin
  • Leptin