The Health Promoting Sports Club in Finland--a Challenge for the Settings-Based Approach

Health Promot Int. 2006 Sep;21(3):219-29. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dal013. Epub 2006 May 9.


The purpose of this article is, first, to compile a frame of reference for the health promoting sports club and, second, to develop standards for the concept. This concept is based on the settings-based health promotion approach. Sports clubs are a new setting for health promotion, which until now has been little examined from a settings point of view. Nevertheless, this concept has much potential. For example, sports clubs attract a large number of children and adolescents and their educational nature can be considered to be informal. The present standards were developed using the Delphi method. The researcher, in cooperation with a panel of experts (experts in health promotion, n = 11, and experts in sports clubs, n = 16), sought to create a consensus statement on the standards. At the preliminary stage of the study 64 original standards were created on the basis of existing literature and the principles of the Ottawa Charter. During the three rounds of the Delphi process 15 standards were evaluated as the most important. After the Delphi process, the researcher modified the standards by eliminating overlap, interpolating seven standards to involve all strategic areas of the Ottawa Charter and creating a preliminary typology of the standards. At the subsequent stages of the study, indicators for these standards will be drafted and tested in practice. Therefore, this study would provide tools for determining and evaluating how health promoting a particular sports club is.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Child
  • Delphi Technique
  • Female
  • Finland
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sports*