Electromyographic comparison of the ab-slide and crunch exercises

J Strength Cond Res. 2006 May;20(2):436-40. doi: 10.1519/R-15814.1.


The purpose of this study was to compare the Ab-Slide with crunch abdominal exercises for electromyographic activity for selected muscles. Forty-five subjects who regularly performed abdominal exercises participated. Subjects completed 5 trials for each exercise, with repetition rate controlled by the tester. Electromyographic activity for the external oblique (EO), upper rectus abdominis (URA), and lower rectus abdominis (LRA) was collected. Raw data for each muscle were rectified and integrated over 100-millisecond time intervals. For each muscle, the average concentric and eccentric integrated amplitudes of the middle 3 trials were compared with a dependent t-test. During concentric movement, the EO and LRA had significantly higher integrated activation amplitudes for the crunch exercise. During the eccentric movement, the URA, LRA, and EO had significantly higher average integrated activation amplitudes for the Ab-Slide exercise. The Ab-Slide is a credible abdominal exercise variation, but the crunch should remain the standard abdominal exercise.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Muscles / physiology*
  • Adult
  • Electromyography*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Movement / physiology