NPT2a gene variation in calcium nephrolithiasis with renal phosphate leak

Kidney Int. 2006 Jun;69(12):2261-7. doi: 10.1038/ Epub 2006 May 10.


A decrease in renal phosphate reabsorption with mild hypophosphatemia (phosphate leak) is found in some hypercalciuric stone-formers. The NPT2a gene encodes a sodium-phosphate cotransporter, located in the proximal tubule, responsible for reclaiming most of the filtered phosphate load in a rate-limiting manner. To determine whether genetic variation of the NPT2a gene is associated with phosphate leak and hypercalciuria in a cohort of 98 pedigrees with multiple hypercalciuric stone-formers, we sequenced the entire cDNA coding region of 28 probands, whose tubular reabsorption of phosphate normalized for the glomerular filtration rate (TmP/GFR) was 0.7 mmol/l or lower. We performed genotype/phenotype correlations for each genetic variant in the entire cohort and expressed NPT2a variant RNAs in Xenopus laevis oocytes to test for cotransporter functionality. We identified several variants in the coding region including an in-frame 21 bp deletion truncating the N-terminal cytoplasmic tail of the protein (91del7), as well as other single-nucleotide polymorphisms that were non-synonymous (A133V and H568Y) or synonymous. Levels of TmP/GFR and urine calcium excretion were similar in heterozygote carriers of NPT2a variants compared to the wild-type (wt) homozygotes. The transport activity of the H568Y mutants was identical to the wt, whereas the N-terminal-truncated version and the 91del7 and A133V mutants presented minor kinetic changes and a reduction in the expression level. Although genetic variants of NPT2a are not rare, they do not seem to be associated with clinically significant renal phosphate or calcium handling anomalies in a large cohort of hypercalciuric stone-forming pedigrees.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Calcium / urine*
  • DNA / analysis
  • DNA / genetics
  • Exons / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing
  • Genotype
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hypophosphatemia / blood
  • Hypophosphatemia / genetics*
  • Hypophosphatemia / physiopathology
  • Kidney Calculi / genetics*
  • Kidney Calculi / physiopathology
  • Kidney Calculi / urine*
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / chemistry
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / pathology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oocytes / chemistry
  • Oocytes / physiology
  • Pedigree
  • Phosphates / blood
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins / analysis
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins / genetics*
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins / physiology
  • Xenopus laevis


  • Phosphates
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins
  • DNA
  • Calcium