The association between depressive personality and treatment outcome for depression following a group cognitive-behavioral intervention

J Clin Psychol. 2006 Sep;62(9):1181-96. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20278.


The present study investigated the association of depressive personality traits to treatment outcome for depression. One hundred and nineteen patients with a primary diagnosis of major depression were divided into high- and low-depressive personality groups, and depression symptomatology was assessed pre- and postparticipation in a standardized group cognitive-behavioral intervention. Analyses revealed poorer pre-state and end-state functioning for the high-depressive personality group. However, rate of improvement pre- to posttreatment was comparable between the two groups. Subsequent multiple regression analyses revealed that when controlling for pretreatment depression severity, depressive personality was not a predictor of depression treatment outcome. Within the methodological parameters of the current study, depressive personality traits were not associated with a poorer response to cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / psychology*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Personality Disorders / psychology
  • Personality*
  • Psychotherapy, Group*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Western Australia