Pigmentation mutants produced by transposon mutagenesis in Antirrhinum majus

Plant J. 1991 Jul;1(1):59-69.


New pigmentation mutants were generated by transposon mutagenesis in Antirrhinum majus, in three previously described loci, nivea, delila and incolorata, and two new loci, daphne and olive. The wild-type olive gene is required for the production of dark-green leaves, and the daphne gene for the synthesis of flavones. Five out of the six mutants were both germinally and somatically unstable, indicating that they resulted from transposon insertions. Molecular analysis of the mutant at nivea (niv-600) showed that it was caused by insertion of a new transposon, Tam4. The sequence of Tam4 suggests that it is unable to transpose autonomously and that it is related to Tam1 and Tam2. All three of these transposons have identical inverted repeats, produce 3 bp target duplications, leave similar excision footprints and share at one end a 600-700 bp region containing many palindromic copies of a motif sequence, possibly required in cis for transposition. The somatic excision of Tam4 in niv-600 is at a very low rate compared to germinal excision but it can be activated by crossing to lines carrying derivative alleles of a Tam1 insertion at niv. Molecular analysis of four different pigmentation mutants has shown that insertions of Tam1, Tam2, Tam3 and Tam4 have been obtained, illustrating the potential of general transposon mutagenesis for trapping and isolating new transposons as well as for tagging genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • Genes, Plant
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Pigmentation / genetics*
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Tagged Sites


  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X59057