Prevention of psoriasis-like lesions development in fsn/fsn mice by helminth glycans

Exp Dermatol. 2006 Jun;15(6):461-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0625.2006.00431.x.


The helminth glycan LNFPIII is an immunomodulatory molecule, driving CD4(+) Th2-type biasing as well as immune suppression. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease where the immune mechanisms as well as the antigens responsible for development of immune autoreactivity are still not known. In the absence of defined immunological mechanisms, we asked whether LNFPIII would function as novel therapy for psoriasis. We tested the therapeutic efficacy of LNFPIII using the flaky skin (fsn)/fsn mutant mouse model of psoriasis-like lesion development. We found that treatment of mice with LNFPIII prevented the appearance of psoriatic skin lesions on fsn/fsn mice. Examination of the skin 2 weeks after treatment demonstrated that prevention of skin lesions was associated with maintenance of normal epidermis thickness in LNFPIII-treated mice as compared with a significantly thickened epidermis in control treated and diseased mice. In addition, cells from skin of LNFPIII-treated mice produced lower amounts of interferon-gamma as compared with cells from skin of control treated diseased mice. Examination of macrophages and T cells from peripheral lymph nodes of control and LNFPIII-treated fsn/fsn mice showed that glycan treatment reduced the numbers of Gr1(+)F4/80(+) macrophages and the numbers of CD8(+) T cells, restoring the numbers of these two cell populations as well as the CD4 : CD8 ratio to near normal levels. Overall, the results from this study suggest that the helminth immunomodulatory glycan LNFPIII functions to prevent development of psoriatic-like skin lesions in fsn/fsn mice.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Sugars / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Helminth / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Immunologic Factors / pharmacology
  • Interferon-gamma / metabolism
  • Interleukin-13 / metabolism
  • Macrophages / drug effects
  • Macrophages / immunology
  • Macrophages / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Psoriasis / genetics
  • Psoriasis / immunology
  • Psoriasis / pathology
  • Psoriasis / prevention & control*
  • Skin / drug effects
  • Skin / immunology
  • Skin / pathology
  • T-Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / pathology


  • Amino Sugars
  • Antigens, Helminth
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Interleukin-13
  • Polysaccharides
  • lacto-N-fucopentaose III
  • Interferon-gamma