We identified a new spontaneous recessive mutation in the mouse, mhyp (mosaic hypopigmentation), in a screen for novel proviral integration sites in a multiple ecotropic provirus mapping stock. Integration of an 8.4-kb retrovirus results in mosaic loss of coat pigment in mhyp homozygotes. Patchy loss of pigmentation in the retinal pigmented epithelial layer of the eye with abnormal melanosomes is also evident. We mapped mhyp to mouse chromosome 7 and cloned the underlying gene. mhyp is a defect in the Trappc6a gene. Expression of Trappc6a is markedly diminished in mhyp homozygotes. The normal protein, TRAPPC6A, is a subunit of the TRAPP (transport protein particle) I and II complexes. While TRAPP complexes are essential for ER-to-Golgi and intra-Golgi vesicle trafficking in yeast, TRAPP subunits participate in additional, including post-Golgi, transport events in mammals. The data implicate mammalian TRAPPC6A in vesicle trafficking during melanosome biogenesis.