Genotyping Trichomonas vaginalis

Int J Parasitol. 2006 Jun;36(7):821-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.02.018. Epub 2006 Mar 20.


A genotyping method has been developed to distinguish each Trichomonas vaginalis isolate and has provided the first genome mapping studies of this protist with an estimated 180Mb genome. The technique was developed using high molecular weight DNA prepared from five laboratory isolates from Australia and USA and 20 clinical isolates from South Africa. Inhibition of the notorious T. vaginalis endogenous nucleases by addition of potent inhibitors was essential to the success of this study. Chromosomal DNA larger than 2.2Mb was macrorestricted to a minimum segment size of approximately 50kb, separated by pulsed field gel electrophoresis and hybridised with a variety of gene probes. Each isolate generated a unique pattern that was distinguished by each of the probes. Four single copy gene probes (fd, hmp35, ibp39 and pfoD) were identified but probes which identified several bands (pfoB and alpha-scs) per isolate were most informative for genotyping. The pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase B gene probe identified two to seven copies of pfoB (or its closely related homologue pfoA) per genome in different isolates and is an obvious candidate probe to identify epidemiological linkage between infections by this genotyping method. Cleavage of the genomes into smaller fragments failed to distinguish isolates from diverse locations indicating the proximal regions of genes are conserved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA Probes
  • DNA, Protozoan / genetics
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
  • Genome, Protozoan
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Pyruvate Synthase / genetics
  • Trichomonas vaginalis / classification
  • Trichomonas vaginalis / genetics*
  • Trichomonas vaginalis / isolation & purification


  • DNA Probes
  • DNA, Protozoan
  • Pyruvate Synthase