Implication of cannabinoids in neurological diseases

Cell Mol Neurobiol. Jul-Aug 2006;26(4-6):579-91. doi: 10.1007/s10571-006-9070-8. Epub 2006 May 12.

Abstract

1. Preparations from Cannabis sativa (marijuana) have been used for many centuries both medicinally and recreationally. 2. Recent advances in the knowledge of its pharmacological and chemical properties in the organism, mainly due to Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, and the physiological roles played by the endocannabinoids have opened up new strategies in the treatment of neurological and psychiatric diseases. 3. Potential therapeutic uses of cannabinoid receptor agonists include the management of spasticity and tremor in multiple sclerosis/spinal cord injury, pain, inflammatory disorders, glaucoma, bronchial asthma, cancer, and vasodilation that accompanies advanced cirrhosis. CB(1) receptor antagonists have therapeutic potential in Parkinson's disease. 4. Dr. Julius Axelrod also contributed in studies on the neuroprotective actions of cannabinoids.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cannabinoid Receptor Modulators / physiology*
  • Cannabinoids* / therapeutic use
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / drug therapy
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Neuroprotective Agents / pharmacology
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1 / metabolism

Substances

  • Cannabinoid Receptor Modulators
  • Cannabinoids
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1